20 Fascinating Facts About Bangladesh

20 Fascinating Facts About Bangladesh

20 Fascinating Facts About Bangladesh


1. Bangladesh in southern Asia was ruled by a mixture of Buddhist, Hindu, and Muslim dynasties until around 1700 when the British established a stronghold in the region.

2. Islam was introduced in Bangladesh around the 9th century, but it was the Mughal dynasty that spread Islam widely through the country and ruled a united Indian state from the 16th to the 18th century.

3. Today, nearly 90% of Bangladeshis are Muslim with the legal system a mixture of Islamic law and English common law.

4. In 1757, the British defeated the local army of Nawab Siraj-ad-doula at the Battle of Plassey to begin 190 years of colonial rule in the region.

5. In 1947, British rule over India ended and the predominantly Muslim states of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan (now Pakistan) were established on either side of India, separated by more than 1,500km of Indian territory.

6. The flag of Bangladesh, like that of Pakistan, is dark green. It symbolizes the Islamic faith as well as the rich vegetation of the country and the hope placed in their youth. The red circle slightly off-center represents the bloodshed of the fight for independence. The circle is also said to represent “the rising sun of a new country.”

Bangladesh Flag
20 Fascinating Facts About Bangladesh

7. In 1971, Bangladesh became fully independent following a nine-month war with Pakistan, with India backing Bangladesh against Pakistan.

8. Bangladesh was under military rule for 15 years before democracy was restored in 1990.

9. The world’s largest mangrove forest in Bangladesh. With a total area of 10,000 km2, the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Sundarbans mangrove forest lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal.

10. The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world. The bay occupies an area of around 2,173,000 square km.

Bay of Bengal
20 Fascinating Facts About Bangladesh

11. The vast majority of Bangladesh’s exports – nearly 95% – come from textiles (knitwear and leather). Textiles account for over $37 billion of the country’s $39.2 billion total exports.

12. Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with 1,240 people per square km of land area. Several intriguing facts about Bangladesh are population-related.

13. Likewise, Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital city, is the world’s most densely populated city with 44,500 people per sq km.

14. Bangladesh has a very rural and agricultural-based population. 70% of its population and 77% of its workforce live in rural areas. Nearly 50% of the country’s workforce is directly employed by agriculture.

15. Bangladesh is the most vegetarian country in the world with its population consuming only 4kg of meat per person per year.

16. Similarly, Bangladesh is one of the least obese countries in the world. A 2017 study ranked Bangladesh as the third least obese nation after India and Vietnam.

17. Bangladesh ‘recycles’ the most ships in the world by tonnage. The city of Chittagong is famous for its dangerous shipbreaking yard, where 80 shipbreaking yards are located along a 13km stretch of coast.

18. Bangladesh has the world’s largest population of the endangered Bengal Tiger – in the Sundarbans mangrove forest.

19. The Bengal Tiger is Bangladesh’s national animal. The national cricket team is known as the Tigers.

Bengal Tiger
20 Fascinating Facts About Bangladesh

20. Kabaddi is Bangladesh’s national sport. In the 1979s the government was keen to promote a sport that broke with the country’s colonial past and had roots in the country, so kabaddi, an ancient Indian sport that’s a “mix of red rover, wrestling, and tag,” was selected over cricket or football.




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